Management in Health, Vol 23, No 3 (2019)

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HEPATITES - THE FREQUENCY OF THE CONTINUOUS HOSPITALIZATION EPISODES AND THEIR SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION IN ROMANIA - ANALYSIS OF THE LAST 5 YEARS

Carmen SASU, Marius CIUTAN, Simona MUȘAT

Abstract


In communicable diseases class, viral hepatitis together with HIV and TB represents the main challenge facing health systems worldwide, and international and national strategies adopted in recent years demonstrate the concern of the entire medical world to stop this scourge in the near future.

In Romania, the statistical analysis of the data indicates a numerical reduction of the episodes of hospitalization due to hepatitis during the last five years, but the results must also be correlated with the analysis of the data in daily hospitalization regime, in order to be able to conclude on the real downward trend of the phenomenon. Although acute cases account for most of the episodes of hospitalization, the concern arises in the case of B or C virus infections, most of them becoming chronic infections, thus requiring a more complex approach, both therapeutic and from the point of view of prevention strategies. The analysis carried out allows the identification of the most frequent types of liver viral infection that required continuous hospitalization, of the most affected population groups, of the areas with a higher number of hospitalizations, as well as of those where the average length of stay exceed the national average or where more numerous hospitalization episodes resulted in worsening of the patient's condition or even death. This creates the possibility of targeted interventions, with much better results.

 

Keywords: hospitalized morbidity, hepatitis, Romania


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