Management in Health, Vol 21, No 1 (2017)

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CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PATIENTS DIAGNOSED WITH RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSIONS IN ALBANIA

Manushaqe RUSTANI-BATKU, Ali TONUZI

Abstract


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe selected clinical characteristics of patients diagnosed with retinal vein occlusion (RVO) in Albania, a transitional post-communist country in the Western Balkans.

METHODS: This study was conducted at the Primary Health Care Center No. 2 in Tirana, the capital city of Albania during the period 2013-2016. Overall, during the study period, there were 44 patients diagnosed with RVO (27 men and 17 women; overall mean age: 69.5±11.5 years). The diagnosis of RVO was based on signs and symptoms indicating a quick reduction of the sight/vision, fundoscopy, fluorescein angiography and the optical coherence tomography. Furthermore, information on clinical characteristics of each patient diagnosed with RVO was collected.

RESULTS: The test of visual acuity for the left eyes evidenced a much lower median value in men than in women (0.04 vs. 0.20, respectively, P=0.09), indicating a more severe visual impairment in male patients. Conversely, the difference in the median values for the right eyes was smaller (0.06 vs. 0.10, respectively, P=0.27). The prevalence of branch retinal vein occlusion was substantially higher in women than in men (53% vs. 19%, P=0.02), whereas the prevalence of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) was considerably and significantly higher in male than in female patients (85% vs. 47%, respectively, P=0.02). The ischemic type of CRVO was prevalent in about 36% of the patients (41% in men vs. 29% in women, P=0.53).

CONCLUSION: This study provides useful evidence about the distribution of clinical characteristics of Albanian patients diagnosed with RVO.

 

Keywords: Albania, branch retinal vein occlusion, central retinal vein occlusion, ophthalmology, retinal vein occlusion.


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