Management in Health, Vol 19, No 4 (2015)

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EPIDEMIOLOGY OF SUBSTANCE USE AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN TIRANA, ALBANIA

Adrian HOXHA, Genci DERVISHI, Adriatik GABRANI, Artan SIMAKU, Elva BERDO, Jonila Cyco GABRANI

Abstract


INTRODUCTION. The use of Marijuana is on the increase worldwide especially among adolescents and youths. Adolescent substance use has a number of adverse consequences for both the individual and society.

OBJECTIVES. The objectives of the study were to examine the relationship between the social and demographic determinants and adolescents behavior with marijuana use.

METHODS. This was a cross-sectional study. This is a cross-sectional study conducted in the 2011-2012 academic year, in 5 high schools in the city of Tirana. A two-stage cluster sampling technique was used. The schools were randomly selected from the list of high-schools in Tirana city.

RESULTS. The prevalence of lifetime use in our study was 13%. The prevalence among boys was 26% and among girls 3%. The median age of students upon the first use of marijuana was 16 years. No significant difference was found

between boys and girls regarding the age of initiation or the first use. The prevalence of last month use 7.9%. The prevalence among boys was 16.1% boys and among girls was 2.7%. Regarding the frequency of use more than half of students (54.7%) reported two to three times a week. 13.2% of students who used marijuana reported hallucinations in the last month. Friends using marijuana and away from home more than one month resulted significant predictors.

CONCLUSION. The results of the study suggest that environment and peer pressure influence the marijuana use among high school students in Tirana.

Keywords: Drug consumption, prevalence, marijuana, students, Albania


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