Management in Health, Vol 17, No 3 (2013)

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THE EVALUATION OF THE AMPLITUDES AND TENDENCIES OF THE EVOLUTION OF SEXUALLY TRANSMISSIBLE DISEASES IN MURES AREA

Claudia Andreea NISTOR, Cecilia LAZAR, Septimiu Toader VOIDĂZAN

Abstract


INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmissible diseases represent an important public health problem, even for the adolescents and young people, because of an increased morbidity, its complications, premature deaths and even its economic-social implications.

The study suggests monitoring of sexually transmissible diseases (syphilis and infective gonococcus) by determining their morbidity in Mures and Harghita County, during the period 2005-2012, together with the associated risk factors and life style.

MATERIAL AND METHOD: I carried out a descriptive epidemiological study by analyzing cases of sexual transmissible diseases (syphilis, gonorrhoea) reported by the Public Health Ministry for the period 2005-2012 in Mures and Harghita County. I followed the trend of infection and incidence of transmissible diseases in function of age, sex, provenance and seasonality.

RESULT: The incidence of syphilis in Mures County varied between 20.1%ooo in 2005 and 10.2%ooo in 2012, but in Harghita County it varied between 36.4%ooo in 2005 and 13.4%ooo in 2012. For infective gonococcus, the incidence in Mures County varied between 1.2%ooo in 2005 and 1.0%ooo in 2012, while in Harghita County it varied between 9.5%ooo in 2005 and 6.8%ooo in 2012.

CONCLUSION: I concluded that the evolution of cases of syphilis in the two counties is comparable. Infective gonococcus appears most often at male patients who live in cities. The cases of syphilis and gonorrhoea were more common at young patients (second to third decade) who are sexually active.

 

Keywords: Syphilis, gonorrhoea, Mures, Harghita.


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